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    YOGA SUTRAS OF PATANJALI ORIGIN OF YOGA SUTRAS Once upon a time, long ago, all the Munis and Rishis approached Lord Vishnu to tell him that even though he (incarnated as Lord Dhanvanthari) had given him the means to cure illnesses through Ayurveda, people still fell ill. They also wanted to know what to do when people got sick. Sometimes it is not just physical illness, but mental and emotional illness too that needs to be dealt with. How does one get rid of all these illness? What is the formula? Vishnu was lying on the bed of snakes — the serpent Adishésha with a 1, 000 heads. When the Rishis approached Him, He gave them Adishésha (the symbol of awareness), who took birth in the world as Maharishi Patanjali. Hence Patanjali came to this earth to give this knowledge of yoga which came to be known as the Yoga Sutras. The suras are considered as the words of wisdom and inspiration. Exploring Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is a first step in seeing how yoga is beneficial for us. Yoga connects you to the authentic information and an enhanced understanding of the ancient writings that continue to provide valuable yoga knowledge today. ABOUT YOGA SUTRAS The work is divided into four chapters, chapter1 (51 sutras) known as Samadhi, chapter2 (55 sutras) known as sadhana, chapter3 (56 sutras) known as vibhuti, chapter4 (34 sutras) known as kaivalya. If we talk about Samadhi various kinds of Samadhi are mentioned. However there are only two categories of Samadhi- Sabija (with seed) and Nirbija (without seed). Sabija Samadhi in its own turn of six kinds- samprajnata, asamprajnata, savitarka, nirvitarka, savicara, nirvicara depending on the object of experience of awareness. Chapter1 ends up in 51 sutras by clarifying that seedless awareness is obtained by blocking of all cittavrittis. These 51 sutras are- 1.1 Now, after having done prior preparation through life and other practices, the study and practice of Yoga begins. 1.2 Yoga is the control (nirodhah, regulation, channeling, mastery, integration, coordination, stilling, quieting, setting aside) of the modifications (gross and subtle thought patterns) of the mind field. 1.3 Then the Seer abides in Itself, resting in its own True Nature, which is called Self-realization. 1.4 At other times, when one is not in Self-realization, the Seer appears to take on the form of the modifications of the mind field, taking on the identity of those thought patterns. Un-coloring your thoughts (Yoga Sutras 1.5-1.11) 1.5 Those gross and subtle thought patterns (vrittis) fall into five varieties, of which some are colored (klishta) and others are uncolored (aklishta). 1.6 The five varieties of thought patterns to witness are: 1) knowing correctly (pramana), 2) incorrect knowing (viparyaya), 3) fantasy or imagination (vikalpa), 4) the object of void-ness that is deep sleep (nidra), and 5) recollection or memory (smriti). 1.7 Of these five, there are three ways of gaining correct knowledge (pramana): 1) perception, 2) inference, and 3) testimony or verbal communication from others who have knowledge. 1.8 Incorrect knowledge or illusion (viparyaya) is false knowledge formed by perceiving a thing as being other than what it really is. 1.9 Fantasy or imagination (vikalpa) is a thought pattern that has verbal expression and knowledge, but for which there is no such object or reality in existence. 1.10 Dreamless sleep (nidra) is the subtle thought pattern which has as its object an inertia, blankness, absence, or negation of the other thought patterns (vrittis). 1.11 Recollection or memory (smriti) is mental modification caused by the inner reproducing of a previous impression of an object, but without adding any other characteristics from other sources. Practice and non-attachment (Yoga Sutras 1.12-1.16) 1.12 These thought patterns (vrittis) are mastered (nirodhah, regulated, coordinated, controlled, stilled, quieted) through practice (abhyasa) and non-attachment (vairagya). 1.13 Practice (abhyasa) means choosing, applying the effort, and doing those actions that bring a stable and tranquil state (sthitau). 1.14 When that practice is done for a long time, without a break, and with sincere devotion, then the practice becomes a firmly rooted, stable and solid foundation. 1.15 When the mind loses desire even for objects seen or described in a tradition or in scriptures, it acquires a state of utter (vashikara) desirelessness that is called non-attachment (vairagya). 1.16 Indifference to the subtlest elements, constituent principles, or qualities themselves (gunas), achieved through a knowledge of the nature of pure consciousness (purusha), is called supreme non-attachment (paravairagya). Types of concentration (Yoga Sutras 1.17-1.18) 1.17 The deep absorption of attention on an object is of four kinds, 1) gross (vitarka), 2) subtle (vichara), 3) bliss accompanied (ananda), and 4) with I-ness (asmita), and is called samprajnata samadhi. 1.18 The other kind of samadhi is asamprajnata samadhi, and has no object in which attention is absorbed, wherein only latent impressions remain; attainment of this state is preceded by the constant practice of allowing all of the gross and subtle fluctuations of mind to recede back into the field from which they arose. Efforts and commitment (Yoga Sutras 1.19-1.22) 1.19 Some who have attained higher levels (videhas) or know unmanifest nature (prakritilayas), are drawn into birth in this world by their remaining latent impressions of ignorance, and more naturally come to these states of samadhi. 1.20 Others follow a five-fold systematic path of 1) faithful certainty in the path, 2) directing energy towards the practices, 3) repeated memory of the path and the process of stilling the mind, 4) training in deep concentration, and 5) the pursuit of real knowledge, by which the higher samadhi (asamprajnata samadhi) is attained. 1.21 Those who pursue their practices with intensity of feeling, vigor, and firm conviction achieve concentration and the fruits thereof more quickly, compared to those of medium or lesser intensity. 1.22 Because the methods may be applied in slow, medium, or speedy ways, even among those who have such commitment and conviction, there are differences in the rate of progress, resulting in nine grades of practice. Direct route through AUM (Yoga Sutras 1.23-1.29) 1.23 From a special process of devotion and letting go into the creative source from which we emerged (ishvara pranidhana), the coming of samadhi is imminent. 1.24 That creative source (ishvara) is a particular consciousness (purusha) that is unaffected by colorings (kleshas), actions (karmas), or results of those actions that happen when latent impressions stir and cause those actions. 1.25 In that pure consciousness (ishvara) the seed of omniscience has reached its highest development and cannot be exceeded. 1.26 From that consciousness (ishvara) the ancient-most teachers were taught, since it is not limited by the constraint of time. 1.27 The sacred word designating this creative source is the sound OM, called pranava. 1.28 This sound is remembered with deep feeling for the meaning of what it represents. 1.29 From that remembering comes the realization of the individual Self and the removal of obstacles. Obstacles and solutions (Yoga Sutras 1.30-1.32) 1.30 Nine kinds of distractions come that are obstacles naturally encountered on the path, and are physical illness, tendency of the mind to not work efficiently, doubt or indecision, lack of attention to pursuing the means of samadhi, laziness in mind and body, failure to regulate the desire for worldly objects, incorrect assumptions or thinking, failing to attain stages of the practice, and instability in maintaining a level of practice once attained. 1.31 From these obstacles, there are four other consequences that also arise, and these are: 1) mental or physical pain, 2) sadness or dejection, 3) restlessness, shakiness, or anxiety, and 4) irregularities in the exhalation and inhalation of breath. 1.32 To prevent or deal with these nine obstacles and their four consequences, the recommendation is to make the mind one-pointed, training it how to focus on a single principle or object. Stabilizing and clearing the mind (Yoga Sutras 1.33-1.39) 1.33 In relationships, the mind becomes purified by cultivating feelings of friendliness towards those who are happy, compassion for those who are suffering, goodwill towards those who are virtuous, and indifference or neutrality towards those we perceive as wicked or evil. 1.34 The mind is also calmed by regulating the breath, particularly attending to exhalation and the natural stilling of breath that comes from such practice. 1.35 The inner concentration on the process of sensory experiencing, done in a way that leads towards higher, subtle sense perception; this also leads to stability and tranquility of the mind. 1.36 Or concentration on a painless inner state of lucidness and luminosity also brings stability and tranquility. 1.37 Or contemplating on having a mind that is free from desires, the mind gets stabilized and tranquil. 1.38 Or by focusing on the nature of the stream in the dream state or the nature of the state of dreamless sleep, the mind becomes stabilized and tranquil. 1.39 Or by contemplating or concentrating on whatever object or principle one may like, or towards which one has a predisposition, the mind becomes stable and tranquil. Results of stabilizing the mind (Yoga Sutras 1.40-1.51) 1.40 When, through such practices, the mind develops the power of becoming stable on the smallest size object as well as on the largest, then the mind truly comes under control. 1.41 When the modifications of mind have become weakened, the mind becomes like a transparent crystal, and thus can easily take on the qualities of whatever object observed, whether that object be the observer, the means of observing, or an object observed, in a process of engrossment called samapatti. 1.42 One type of such an engrossment (samapatti) is one in which there is a mixture of three things, a word or name going with the object, the meaning or identity of that object, and the knowledge associated with that object; this engrossment is known as savitarka samapatti (associated with gross objects). 1.43 When the memory or storehouse of modifications of mind is purified, then the mind appears to be devoid of its own nature and only the object on which it is contemplating appears to shine forward; this type of engrossment is known as nirvitarka samapatti. 1.44 In the same way that these engrossments operate with gross objects in savitarka samapatti, the engrossment with subtle objects also operates, and is known as savichara and nirvichara samapatti. 1.45 Having such subtle objects extends all the way up to unmanifest prakriti. 1.46 These four varieties of engrossment are the only kinds of concentrations (samadhi) which are objective, and have a seed of an object. 1.47 As one gains proficiency in the undisturbed flow in nirvichara, a purity and luminosity of the inner instrument of mind is developed. 1.48 The experiential knowledge that is gained in that state is one of essential wisdom and is filled with truth. 1.49 That knowledge is different from the knowledge that is commingled with testimony or through inference, because it relates directly to the specifics of the object, rather than to those words or other concepts. 1.50 This type of knowledge that is filled with truth creates latent impressions in the mind-field, and those new impressions tend to reduce the formation of other less useful forms of habitual latent impressions. 1.51 When even these latent impressions from truth filled knowledge recede along with the other impressions, then there is objectless concentration.
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    Advantages Of Java Web Development caters the widest need of all businesses and is capable of developing programs and codes for even the most unique or complex scenarios. Therefore, it is accepted as a supreme language for expanding or developing applications. Let us first throw limelight on the major advantages of JAVA Web development- 1.Learning JAVA is Easy Even if one has no programming background and has never learned introductory programming languages like C++, learning the concepts of JAVA wouldn’t be a barrier. Without the necessity to use and understand magic characters like Generics Angle Brackets etc., JAVA promotes English syntax and commands instead. Once the initial lessons are caught hold, the rest often becomes easier. 2.Uses OOPS Concept Applications that are developed using the OOPS (Object Oriented Programming) concept of JAVA are more competent as they are extensible, scalable and flexible. It has a rich library of default design patterns and other best practices. 3.Platform Independent Since the time JAVA has gained popularity, i.e. from the 1990s, its Platform Independent nature has made it a highly demanded technology. This feature has made it complement the tagline “Write Once Run Anywhere” in the true sense as it has opened doors to many new developments. If you want to learn more about advantages of Java for web development you can visit at-Advantages Of Java Web Development So, if you want to become a good and successful web developer you must have good knowledge of java programming. If you want to learn java programming then join government certification course in java programming which is conducted by ETL Labs Pvt. Ltd. at Gomtinagar Lucknow. As this institute is an authorized UPdesco (a govt of UP undertaking) education center, so this Java certification program is verifiable at State Govt Office and website. For more information about ETL Labs Pvt. Ltd. you can visit us at- http://etleducation.com/ Advantages Of Java Web Development caters the widest need of all businesses and is c
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    Benefits Of Effective Meditation:- If you want to reach to your destiny then first you must have the knowledge of your body and mind completely. Yoga helps you to get the knowledge of your body and mind. So, practice yoga regularly and reach towards your destiny having the knowledge of your body and mind. Meditation is a therapeutic relaxation technique for calming, clarifying, and energizing your mind. In the same way exercise can help you maintain your energy and develop a strong and healthy body, practicing relaxed focus is how you can take control of your mind, access deeper states of consciousness, and transcend the repetitive activity of your thoughts. The purpose of meditation is to bring your focus into the moment as consistently as possible. Daily practice is also an effective way to experience less worry, more energy, more drive, and a balanced emotional state. During your meditation Benefits Of Effective Meditation is natural for thoughts to occur and your mind to wander, but by bringing your attention back into a focus point of the moment — such as your breath, an object, a sound, or a phrase that you repeat — you are practicing meditation and strengthening the part of your brain that influences: your focus your intuition and creativity your emotional regulation your ability to make positive decisions As you practice this focused attention with a daily meditation routine, many practitioners would agree, and science demonstrates that you become much more relaxed, clear headed, less overwhelmed with your own thinking, and maybe even a little (or a lot) happier! A simple practice of 10 to 20 minutes per day can produce some very significant mental, physical and emotional benefits that will influence all aspects of your life. Here are some common attributes often associated with the benefits of effective meditation: A lot less prone to stress Better sex More energy Sharp focus Improved intelligence and ability to process information Better communication with others Wisdom and intuitive insight Sense of spiritual connection Stronger memory Joy and appreciation for life Less worry Stronger Metabolism BeStil Learn More About the Science and Benefits of Meditation In today’s competitive and digitally stimulated world, it has become such an advantage to maintain a calm and focused state of mind. This might be why we are hearing about people from all walks of life including professional athletes, musicians, artists, and even CEO's of some of the world's largest companies integrating various forms of meditation into their routines. This practice has become very relevant for people living in today's world as a way to cultivate energy, stay productive, develop inner peace, and experience states of flow much more often. What is Meditation? The essential purpose of meditation according to ancient philosophy is to reach a higher state of consciousness and realize the simple qualities of nature. In Zen meditation, this is referred to as the process of enlightenment. Paramitas In modern practice, meditation is a mental discipline that can help us experience an extremely better quality of life. The benefits of this practice are now being experienced by a wide range of people all over the world, less as a path to enlightenment and more as a powerful and effective tool to self-therapy, performance, and renewal. Basic Meditation Techniques There are many basic forms of meditation. A few common examples include visualization, mindfulness, mantra meditation, focused attention, or silent observation The intention of meditation remains the same regardless of the approach. This is to achieve a state of pure awareness, which can also refer to as mindfulness. The goal here is not necessarily to eliminate your thoughts but to become aware and eventually transcend the ordinary activity of your mind. It is from here that you can experience a stillness known as 'zen mind', or 'Buddha nature.' You are at a heightened state of lucid consciousness, where your mind, body, and soul can heal, balance, re-energize, and rise to a peak level of clarity. During meditation, your mind will naturally wander — this is completely normal. The practice of meditation is all about bringing your attention back to your meditation and the sensations of the moment. The repetition of this process is what we call our 'practice'. Here are some ways that you can develop a rewarding meditation practice: Poised EnvironmentMeditation Tips - How to Meditate Effectively The first step requires you to settle into a tranquil and comfortable location, away from any sort of distraction. A calm and stable ambiance will provide you with a positive vibration, helping to enhance your ability to sink into a deeper state of meditation. Choose an area that is free from any interferences or distracting noise. Make sure this is a place where you can feel comfortable and be at ease. This will become your meditation area. If you're interested in adding some vibe to your meditation spot, here are few things to consider: A cushion for sitting comfortably Candles Books that inspire you Incense Pictures that signify tranquility Status Flowers or Plants (to signify the energy of life) Meditation is the only way to synchronize your body and breath. When you will do the meditation you can feel the existence of that unique power. Meditation dissolves all the invisible walls of your mind which were built by unawareness. When you do yoga and meditation regularly then you become aware of the system of your body and your mind also become concentrated. So, practice yoga and meditation and remove the walls of unawareness. If you want to practice yoga and meditation under the guidance of experienced yoga gurus then join 200 Hours Yoga Teacher Training Program (YTTC) which is conducted by one of the best and Registered Yoga School (RYS), Yoga Vedanta at Rishikesh- Yoga capital of the world. This training program is mainly for the beginners. Here you will get the chance to practice yoga under the guidance of experienced instructors and in the pleasant environment of Rishikesh. For more information about this yoga school, you can visit us at-http://yoga-vedanta.in
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    HEALTH BENEFITS OF ASHTANGA YOGA 1. INCREASE CONCENTRATION This is a much more personal and internal way of practicing yoga. When confronted with our own practice, we have to face distractions, discomfort and the wandering mind. The physical practice aims to bring us back to that focused state, rather than passively listening to a teacher or watching others. This is a more meditative aspect of yoga. 2. RELIEVES STRESS Breath awareness is front and center in this practice. Through constant focus on the breath you recognize long established breathing patterns and correlative behavioral patterns. This deeper awareness allows you to breath more effectively and alter patterns of unwanted behavior. Greater awareness of the breath extends to all facets of your life. 3. CREATES BLUEPRINT FOR WELL BEING A consistent Ashtanga practice ultimately gets rooted to your being so that when you do not do it your mind and body feel the difference. Without it you may notice you eat more poorly, you are more easily agitated, if you have a history of depression symptoms may reemerge, old body aches return, or your body temperature deregulates. To live to our full potential each and every day, we need to live from our authentic self. In a world where there are so many external influences taking us away from our true nature, a daily Ashtanga practice takes you back inside to your center. 4.INCREASED FLEXIBILITY A recent Colorado State University study found that Bikram yoga — a form of yoga in which a series of 26 postures are performed for 90 minutes in a heated room — is linked with increased shoulder, lower back and hamstring flexibility, as well as greater deadlift strength and decreased body fat, compared with a control group. 5.LOWERS BLOOD PRESSURE People with mild to moderate hypertension might benefit from a yoga practice, as a study from University of Pennsylvania researchers found that it could help to lower their blood pressure levels. Researchers found that people who practiced yoga had greater drops in blood pressure compared with those who participated in a walking/nutrition/weight counseling program. 6.IMPROVES LUNG CAPACITY A small 2000 Ball State University study found that practicing Hatha yoga for 15 weeks could significantly increase vital lung capacity, which is the maximum amount of air exhaled after taking a deep breath. Vital lung capacity is one of the components of lung capacity. Practice yoga and make your body and mind healthy and happy. Join 200 Hours Yoga Teacher Training Program (YTTC) which is conducted by one of the best and Registered Yoga School (RYS), Yoga Vedanta at Rishikesh- Yoga capital of the world. This training program is mainly for the beginner’s. Here you will get the chance to practice yoga under the guidance of experienced instructors and in the pleasant environment of Rishikesh. For more information about this yoga school you can visit us at- http://yoga-vedanta.in
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